The STAAR redesign is a result of House Bill (HB) 3906 passed by the 86th Texas Legislature in 2019. The Texas Education Agency (TEA), working with a wide range of education stakeholders, including the Assessment Education Advisory Committee, has been exploring the most instructionally supportive approach to implementing these changes. The redesign will be implemented in the state summative assessments administered in the 2022–2023 school year.
The STAAR redesign includes several components:
Equation editor item types are similar to text entry items, with numbers and symbols. Equation editor items may be seen on any STAAR math test (3-8 and Algebra I). The student will have the opportunity to enter numerical responses or responses in the form of fractions, expressions, equations, or inequalities. Answers may be entered using the device's keyboard or by clicking numbers and symbols displayed on the device's screen. Students will not be able to use the keyboard to enter characters not displayed on the screen. Only grade-appropriate symbols will be displayed for use.
Text entry items are electronic versions of fill-in-the-blank questions. Text entry items may be seen on any STAAR test in any content area (3-8 and EOC). The student will respond by typing a brief string of text (word or phrase). They will receive a warning if they try to enter an unallowed character as part of their answer.
Graphing items may be seen on any STAAR math test (3-8 and Algebra I). The type of graph within the item (bar graph, coordinate plane, etc.) and the task(s) the student is asked to do will be grade-appropriate. A student will be given data in the item and will be asked to independently create different types of graphs. The student may have to click and drag bars within a bar graph to the correct height/length, plot points or click and drag points on a coordinate plane, determine if a line should be solid or broken, choose a solution set, etc.
Items that include a number line may be seen on any STAAR math test (3-8 and Algebra I). A student will be presented with an equation and a number line. Based on the equation, the student will have to plot their answer on the number line. Depending on the student's grade level, this could involve plotting a single point on the number line or correctly placing a ray on the number line. Placing a ray on the number line would involve determining if the ray should be open or closed and the ray's directionality and endpoint.
Inline choice items include one or more drop-down menus from which the student will choose the correct word, phrase, symbol, etc. Inline choice items may be included on any STAAR reading/language arts (RLA), math, or social studies test (3-8 or EOC). The student will be presented with information and a statement(s) based on the information. A keyword(s) will be omitted from the idea, and a drop-down menu(s) will be in its place. The student will be expected to choose the item(s) from the drop-down menu choices to correctly complete the statement(s).
Hot spot items have a graphic with clickable areas (hot spots). The student will have to click on one or more of the hot spots to answer a question. Hot spot items may be included on any STAAR math, science, or social studies test (3-8 or EOC). If multiple hot spots are to be chosen, the item may tell the student how many they are to choose. If the number is given, the student will not be allowed to choose more hot spots than indicated. To change an answer choice, the student must re-click the hot spot they do not want to be included before clicking the new one.
Hot text items are similar to hot spot items but with words instead of graphics. The student must click on one or more hot texts (words, phrases, sentences, etc.) to indicate their response to a question. Hot text items may be included on STAAR 3-5 RLA, 8th-grade social studies, and U.S. History EOC tests. Text that is available to be chosen will be clearly indicated, and text that has been chosen by the student as an answer will be clearly indicated in another manner. If multiple groups of hot text are to be chosen, the item may tell the student how many they are to choose. If the number is given, the student will not be allowed to choose more hot test groups than indicated. To change an answer choice, the student must re-click the hot text they do not want to be included before clicking the new one.
Fraction model items will require students to design pictorial models of fractions. Fraction model items may be found on the STAAR 3-5 math tests. Given a problem, the student will need to indicate the total number of sections for their pictorial model (the denominator) and the number of those sections that must be shaded (the numerator) to represent the fraction. Students could also be given a shape divided into the appropriate number of sections and asked to click on sections to shade them and represent the numerator.
Drag and drop items will require students to click on answer choices (words, numbers, symbols, etc.), drag their choice to a location in a diagram, map, chart, etc., and drop it into place. Hot spot items may be included on any STAAR RLA, science, or social studies test (3-8 or EOC). Only one answer choice may be placed in any one final location. More answer choices may be given than there are final locations. To replace an answer choice that has already been placed, the original choice must be moved back to the list of choices before the new one can be placed in that location.
Multipart items consist of two multiple choice questions, questions A and B. The answer to question B often depends on the student's answer to question A. Multipart items may be included on any STAAR math, science, or social studies test (3-8 or EOC). The student is told that the item is multipart if the two questions are related and is expected to select a response for each question.
Multiselect items have one question with multiple choice answer choices; however, there is more than one answer for the question. Multiselect items may be seen on any STAAR test in any content area (3-8 and EOC). The student will be told that they should choose more than one answer and may be told how many correct responses they should find. If this is the case, the test will only allow them to select that many answer choices. If the student wants to change one of the responses they have already chosen, they must click the unwanted response to clear it before clicking their new choice.
In a match table grid, the student will match statements or objects to categories on a grid. Match table grid items may be included on STAAR 6-8 math, Algebra I EOC, 8th-grade RLA, English I & II EOC, and all social studies tests. The student will be presented with information and a grid. The left column of the grid will contain words or symbols. There will be a description above all the other columns, with checkboxes in each item's row under each column. The student will click the checkbox in the column of the description that matches the item. Only one checkbox per item may be selected. If the student wishes to change their choice, they must click the checked checkbox to clear the check and then click the new checkbox.
To answer a short constructed response item, the student will give a brief explanation in their own words to demonstrate their understanding of the content. This type of item may be included on any STAAR math, science, or social studies test (3-8 or EOC). Responses may be up to 4756 characters in length, not including spaces. The question will contain two parts, both of which must be answered in the student's response to receive full credit. Responses will be scored using a 2-point rubric by one human scorer. Rubrics will be item-specific.
Extended constructed response (ECR) items will require the student to provide an in-depth response by explaining, analyzing, and evaluating information in a reading selection or stimulus. Extended constructed response items may be included on any STAAR RLA test (3-8 or EOC). Third-5th grade ECR items will be either informational or argumentative, and 6th-8th and EOC ECR items will be either information, argumentative, or correspondence. The genres of the ECRs will not be released before testing.
The student's responses will be based on a passage they have read. Information from the passage will be needed to answer other items as well. The student will be expected to cite evidence from the passage in their ECR. Their response can be up to 2300 characters long, not including spaces.
ECRs will be scored by two human scorers, each using a 5-point rubric. Students can receive up to ten points for their ECR.